The science method aka the scientific method is a body of techniques for investigating phenomena, acquiring new knowledge, or correcting and integrating previous knowledge.
If one of the techniques fail, you can use the next technique(s).
The following are some useful techniques:
- Ask a Question
- Do Background Research
- Construct a Hypothesis
- Test Your Hypothesis by Doing an Experiment
- Analyse Your Data and Draw a Conclusion
- Communicate Your Results
Here are the detailed descriptions of every technique listed above:
Ask a question
One must be curious enough to wonder, think and come up an explanation for the phenomenon that occur in our daily lives. To ask oneself any question of any phenomenon that is witnessed in anything that we can see, and have the determination to find out an explanation. One must be observant enough to witness any spontaneous scientific phenomenon and have the curiosity to wonder, and eventually have the determination to finally comprehend fully, why and how it happens. The event in which the witness sees the spontaneous science phenomenon might seem like “magic'
If any human were to witness any spontaneous scientific events and inquire about anything, at the very least, related, to it, it is extremely likely that people before him have also witnessed said spontaneous scientific event, questioned, and tried to come out with an explanation for the said phenomenon. As such, if scientists are currently attempting to uncover the veils of the science phenomenon, it is very likely that there is at least some information that can be found on the internet about the inquirer’s said phenomenon. this might assist in the understanding of the enquirer and give some lead in the comprehension of the said spontaneous scientific phenomenon.
Construct a hypothesis
A hypothesis is a very calculated and smart guess about the observed spontaneous scientific phenomenon. Using already existing information, the enquirer might have some hints as to what might happen, before performing the actual experiment. For example, if one were to perform an experiment involving conducting of electricity, one might know that some materials conduct better than other others, and therefore draw a more accurate conclusion as compared to the hypothesis in which a person does not know aught of said details. Some Background research should be done in order to give the person clues about what to hypothesise.
Test for a hypothesis
As for conducting the experiment itself, many things must be kept in mind in order to ensure the correct and accurate results. One rule is to perform the experiment much more than once. This ensures that some results are not due to human error nor is it because of unforeseen and undetected, spontaneous influences. One must keep all distractions and influences that might affect the experiment away from the experiment itself. The records must be completely unbiased and unchanged. One more precaution to take is the knowledge of common phenomenon that affect the results of the science experiment in crucial numerical figures.
Analyse Data and observe carefully
After conducting the experiment many times, one must then comprehend and deduce what the numerical figures that were for measurement of certain things in the science experiment. After completely, surely, and absolutely making very sure that the results were uninfluenced, we must deduce from the results of the experiment. The experimenter may have to make connections with the observations that were being witnessed. The writing and description must be extremely detailed with important adjectives and must be in neat handwriting, for some words might be written wrongly and might be wrongly read, therefore affecting the experiment. If the hypothesis does not tally with the results that were deduced and measured, one must be willing to change the hypothesis. If the new hypothesis matches the experiment’s results, it is then called a conclusion.
If some findings were new or information of a particular subject was scarce, one must try to spread the findings of the results and communicate the findings to a science organisation such as CERN. One must, in all circumstances, be unafraid and modest, therefore keeping the information to himself. One must have no fear in emailing even an important and famous science organisation, and must NOT change the results to meet the organisation’s expectations. One must also never, in any situation, spread it on the internet on his own, without the confirmation of a legal science organisation. The information might be proven wrong, and might be feeding the readers false information.
Above all, one must never stop pursuing information, even if wrong the first time. One must try and try again till he has found something new.
No matter how insignificant the discovery seems, it might be very influential on something very importantl in the future